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Title: Mean platelet volume and major adverse cardiovascular events in congenital heart disease patients
Authors: Martínez-Quintana, Efrén 
Rodríguez-Hernández, Juan Lizandro
Riaño-Ruiz, Marta
Rodríguez-González, Fayna
UNESCO Clasification: 320501 Cardiología
Keywords: Congenital Heart Disease
Heart Failure
Mean Platelet Volume
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation 
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Platelet activation is linked with thrombosis, inflammation or heart failure. OBJECTIVE: To establish clinical and analytical factors that may favor high mean platelet volume (MPV) and to determine if MPV levels favor major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS: Stable CHD patients and a control population matched for age, sex and cardiovascular factors. RESULTS: 658 CHD patients and 2092 controls were studied. Median age in CHD patients was 33 (25-41) year old with 56% of them being male. No significant differences were seen between MPV values and cardiac complexity (p = 0.308) nor between MPV values in the CHD and control groups (p = 0.911). CHD patients had significant lower platelet count and MPV levels than patients in the control group. In the binary logistic regression analysis NT-pro-BNP levels above 125 pg/ml, thrombocytopenia and having atrial fibrillation/flutter reached statistical significance as predictors of MPV levels above 11 fL. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed no significance between MPV levels higher than 11 fL and MACE, cardiovascular mortality and thrombotic events in a median time follow-up of 6.7(1.5-10.6) years. CONCLUSIONS: Atrial fibrillation/flutter, heart failure and thrombocytopenia are predictors of high MPV levels. A MPV above 11 fL is not associated with MACE at a median follow-up time.
ISSN: 1386-0291
DOI: 10.3233/CH-180471
Source: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation [ISSN 1386-0291], v. 72 (4), p. 327-337
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