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Title: Low-power hyperspectral anomaly detector implementation in cost-optimized FPGA devices
Authors: Caba, Julián
Díaz Martín, María 
Barba Romero, Jesús
Guerra Hernández, Raúl Celestino 
Escolar, Soledad
López Suárez, Sebastián 
UNESCO Clasification: 3307 Tecnología electrónica
Keywords: Anomaly Detection
High-Level Synthesis
Hyperspectral Imaging
Line-By-Line Performance, et al
Issue Date: 2022
Journal: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 
Abstract: Onboard data processing for on-the-fly decision-making applications has recently gained momentum in the field of remote sensing. In this context, hyperspectral anomaly detection has received a special attention since its main purpose lays on the identification of abnormal events in an unsupervised manner. Nevertheless, onboard real-time hyperspectral image processing still poses several challenges before becoming a reality. This is why there is an emerging trend towards the development of hardware-friendly algorithmic solutions embedded in reconfigurable devices. In this context, this work contributes with a hardware architecture that ensures a progressive line processing in time-sensitive applications limited by the scarcity of hardware resources. In this sense, we have implemented the state-of-the-art HW-LbL-FAD detector on a reconfigurable hardware for a real-time performance. Specifically, we have selected a cost-optimized FPGA (ZC7Z020-CLG484) to implement our solution whose results draw up a good trade-off between the following three features: time performance, energy consumption and cost. The experimental results indicate our hardware component is able to process hyperspectral images of 825x1024 pixels and 160 bands in 0.51 seconds with a power-budget of 1.3 watts and a device cost around 150 C. Regarding detection performance, the HW-LbL-FAD algorithm outperforms other state-of-the-art algorithms.
ISSN: 1939-1404
DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2022.3157740
Source: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing [ISSN 1939-1404], v. 15, p. 2379-2393, (Enero 2022)
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