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Title: Exploring the determinants of scientific productivity: a proposed typology of researchers
Authors: Ballesteros Rodríguez, José Luis 
De Saa Pérez, Petra 
García Carbonell, Natalia
Martín Alcázar, Fernando
Sánchez Gardey, Gonzalo
UNESCO Clasification: 531104 Organización de recursos humanos
Keywords: Academic Researchers
Human Capital
Scientific Productivity
Typology, et al
Issue Date: 2022
Project: Dirección y Gestión del Capital Intelectual en los Grupos Académicos de Investigación: El Efecto de los Campus de Excelencia Internacional en su Generación, Acumulación y Aprovechamiento (ECO2014-56580-R)
Journal: Journal of Intellectual Capital 
Abstract: Although several previous studies were focused on examining the determinants of research productivity, the knowledge of the competences and motives that lead researchers to achieve relevant scientific performance remains unclear. This paper is aimed at contributing to this gap in the research by proposing a typology to understand academic researchers' traits and extending the traditional “more is better” approach, which assumes that higher levels of competence and motivation are always preferable. Design/methodology/approach: Cluster analysis was applied to a sample of 471 Spanish academics to examine diverse combinations of human capital attributes – knowledge, skills, and abilities – and two sources of motivation – intrinsic and extrinsic. Findings: Four researcher profiles were identified: (1) high vocational academics; (2) motivated academics; (3) self-starter academics and (4) reactive academics. Based on these preliminary findings, we present conclusions about the functioning and productivity of academic researchers. Originality/value: This paper contributes a novel typology of researchers to the extant literature based on the variables of academic human capital and motivation. The findings indicate that a required and specific combination of attributes better fits the reality of research activities.
ISSN: 1469-1930
DOI: 10.1108/JIC-07-2019-0178
Source: Journal of Intellectual Capital [ISSN 1469-1930], v. 23(2), p. 195-221
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