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Title: Tourism management in South American geological areas: comparing two cases from Peru and Brazil
Authors: Gonzales Mantilla, Pedro Gonzalo 
León González, Carmelo Javier 
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Geoconservation
Marcahuasi Stone Forest
Tourism Management
Vila Velha State Park, et al
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Geoheritage 
Abstract: There are many areas of high geological relevance in South America receiving visitors every year. However, most of these sites have not exploited their geotourism potential yet. This paper shows a comparison of the tourism management models of two geosites: Marcahuasi Stone Forest (MSF), in Peru, and Vila Velha State Park (VVSP), in Brazil. The aim of this work is to find out if the models applied in each area foster the socioeconomic development of the local population and conservation of geological heritage. Management structure, public actions, and the relationships between the stakeholders were observed and analyzed utilizing mixed data collection techniques and comparative analysis, finding out positive and negative aspects. Results show that MSF is managed exclusively by the local community and has not properly developed tourism because of a lack of planning and professional training. In VVSP, despite having a management plan and professionally prepared team, there is still a decoupling between the goal of conservation and social responsibility. In general, geoconservation is found not to be driving both forms of tourism management, and there is a lack of contribution to local socioeconomic development, mainly due to political reasons.
ISSN: 1867-2477
DOI: 10.1007/s12371-020-00455-6
Source: Geoheritage[ISSN 1867-2477],v. 12 (37), (Junio 2020)
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