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Title: Sheep and goats raised in mixed flocks have diverse immune status around parturition
Authors: Hernández Castellano, Lorenzo Enrique 
Moreno Indias,Isabel 
Sánchez Macías,Davinia 
Morales-delaNuez, Antonio
Torres, Alexandr
Argüello Henríquez, Anastasio 
Castro Navarro, Noemí 
UNESCO Clasification: 3104 Producción Animal
Keywords: Chitotriosidase
Complement System
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Journal of Dairy Science 
Abstract: Several physiological and metabolic changes take place in dairy ruminants around parturition (late pregnancy, parturition, and early lactation). Dairy species are genetically selected for their higher milk production compared with non-dairy species. This fact causes a constant stress that impairs the immune status of the animal, with consequences for its welfare and performance. In the present study, we assessed the immune status of high-yield dairy sheep and goats by quantifying IgG and IgM concentrations, as well as chitotriosidase (ChT) and complement system [total complement system (TC) and alternative complement pathway (AC)] activity in blood plasma around parturition. We also measured IgG and IgM concentrations and ChT activity in colostrum and milk during the first 40 d postpartum. The lowest blood IgG concentration was at parturition in both species. We detected no differences in blood IgG concentrations between species. Blood IgM concentrations were constant in both species throughout the study period. However, blood IgM concentrations were greater in sheep than in goats. Blood ChT activity was greater in goats than in sheep, and both species showed constant activity of this enzyme throughout the study period. We observed no differences in complement system (TC and AC) activity between sheep and goats. In addition, both TC and AC activity were constant in both species throughout the experiment. In general, IgG and IgM concentrations were greater in sheep colostrum than in goat colostrum, but these differences disappeared after d 4 (IgG) and d 3 (IgM) postpartum. In both species, the highest IgG and IgM concentrations were measured in colostrum, gradually decreasing during the first days postpartum. Chitotriosidase activity decreased in both species from colostrum to milk, although goats always showed greater ChT activity than sheep. Both sheep and goats seemed to be more susceptible to infectious diseases around parturition. As well, goats showed greater ChT activity in blood, colostrum, and milk than sheep. This fact may give these animals additional protection against parasite and fungal infections.
ISSN: 0022-0302
DOI: 10.3168/jds.2019-16731
Source: Journal of Dairy Science [ISSN 0022-0302], v. 102 (9), p. 8478-8485
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