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Title: Relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness, inhibition, and math fluency: A cluster analysis
Authors: Nunez, Juan L. 
Mahbubani, Luis
Huescar, Elisa
Leon, Jaime 
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: Shuttle-Run Test
Academic Self-Concept
Aerobic Fitness
Executive Function, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Journal of Sports Sciences 
Abstract: This study identified clusters of adolescents who share similar cardiorespiratory fitness levels and analysed the relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness, inhibition, and math fluency in each of the clusters. The subjects were 490 high-school students aged 10-16 years. The mean age was 13.82 years (SD = 1.12). Latent class analysis identified three clusters with high, medium, and low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. The high-fitness cluster achieved higher scores in inhibition and math fluency than the low-fitness cluster. Path analysis revealed that the influence of cardiorespiratory fitness on inhibition was non-existent in the three clusters. The effect of inhibition on math fluency was positive and significant in all three cardiorespiratory fitness levels. Cardiorespiratory fitness had a direct, positive, and significant effect on math fluency only in the high-fitness cluster. Therefore, a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness is a significant determining factor in the explanation of math fluency. These results indicate that inhibition does not mediate the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and math fluency. However, the benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness affect math fluency, which has important implications for the educational environment and the teaching/learning process.
ISSN: 0264-0414
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2019.1654594
Source: Journal Of Sports Sciences [ISSN 0264-0414], v. 37 (23), p. 2660-2666 (Diciembre 2019)
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