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Title: Motivational profiles of high school physical education students: the role of controlling teacher behavior
Authors: Huéscar Hernández, Elisa
Moreno-Murcia, Juan Antonio
Ruíz González, Lorena
León González-Vélez, Jaime 
UNESCO Clasification: 2411 Fisiología humana
5802 Organización y planificación de la educación
Keywords: Motivation
Secondary education
Self-determination theory
Teaching style
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 
Abstract: (1) Background: The purpose of this study was to identify distinct motivational profiles in high school Physical Education students. These motivational profiles were examined in relation to controlling teacher behaviors, as well as to various psychological correlates including the perceived importance of physical activity to the student, student intentions to be physically active, psychological need satisfaction and current physical activity levels. (2) Methods: 416 high school Physical Education students comprised the sample. (3) Results: Cluster analysis and additional multivariate analyses revealed two motivational profiles, Wilk's Λ = 0.56, F (7, 431) = 45.50, p < 0.01. The "Self-Determined" profile was characterized by high levels of self-determined motivation; high levels of competence, autonomy and relatedness; importance of physical activity; stronger intentions to engage in physical activity; and greater current actual physical activity involvement. The "Less Self-Determined" profile was associated with the perception of controlling teacher behaviors, and with greater external regulation and amotivation. (4) Conclusions: These findings help to provide new insights into the explanation of student motivation in Physical Education and the design of intervention programs.
ISSN: 1661-7827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16101714
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research And Public Health [ISSN 1661-7827], v. 16 (10), 1714 (Mayo 2019)
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