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Title: Reproducibility andrRepeatability of five different technologies for Bar velocity measurement in resistance training
Authors: Courel-Ibáñez, Javier
Martínez-Cava, Alejandro
Morán-Navarro, Ricardo
Escribano-Peñas, Pablo
Chavarren-Cabrero, Javier 
González-Badillo, Juan José
Pallarés, Jesús G
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: Exercise testing
Standard error of measurement
Strength performance
Validity, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Annals of Biomedical Engineering 
Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the agreement between five bar velocity monitoring devices, currently used in resistance training, to determine the most reliable device based on reproducibility (between-device agreement for a given trial) and repeatability (between-trial variation for each device). Seventeen resistance-trained men performed duplicate trials against seven increasing loads (20-30-40-50-60-70-80 kg) while obtaining mean, mean propulsive and peak velocity outcomes in the bench press, full squat and prone bench pull exercises. Measurements were simultaneously registered by two linear velocity transducers (LVT), two linear position transducers (LPT), two optoelectronic camera-based systems (OEC), two smartphone video-based systems (VBS) and one accelerometer (ACC). A comprehensive set of statistics for assessing reliability was used. Magnitude of errors was reported both in absolute (m s-1) and relative terms (%1RM), and included the smallest detectable change (SDC) and maximum errors (MaxError). LVT was the most reliable and sensitive device (SDC 0.02-0.06 m s-1, MaxError 3.4-7.1% 1RM) and the preferred reference to compare with other technologies. OEC and LPT were the second-best alternatives (SDC 0.06-0.11 m s-1), always considering the particular margins of error for each exercise and velocity outcome. ACC and VBS are not recommended given their substantial errors and uncertainty of the measurements (SDC > 0.13 m s-1).
ISSN: 0090-6964
DOI: 10.1007/s10439-019-02265-6
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering [ISSN 0090-6964], p. 1-16
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