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Title: Environmental cost and eco-efficiency from vessel emissions under diverse SOx regulatory frameworks: A special focus on passenger port hubs
Authors: Tovar, Beatriz 
Tichavska, Miluše 
UNESCO Clasification: 531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
Keywords: Demand Uncertainty
External Costs
Ship Emissions
Social Cost
Cruise, et al
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: 1361-9209
Journal: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment 
Abstract: Emissions related to economic activities including shipping and its contribution to the degradation of air quality, health and built environment in port-cities increasingly raise attention. Sustained market growth and shipping, also deriving into pollution concentration and an exposure increase over residents and visitors, stresses the need to identify and internalize environmental impacts. In order enhance abatement actions towards shipping sectors, this paper estimates for the first time the environmental cost and eco-efficiency performance indicators from vessel traffic in general and passenger sub-sectors in particular under diverse geographical and regulatory contexts. Emission assessment (NOx, SOx, PM2.5, CO and CO2) of EU (Las Palmas), non-EU but SECA (St. Petersburg) and non-EU non-SECA (Hong Kong) ports is based on the full bottom-up Ship Traffic Emission Assessment Model (STEAM) and messages transmitted by the Automatic Identification System (AIS) over a twelve-month period. Environmental cost is obtained from a top-down approach and the latest seaport-related cost figures. At last, eco-efficiency performance indicators are presented as the ratio of product/service impacts (externality costs) its added value (port profiles). Results present a first approximation to the externality cost of shipping traffic by sea and in port. Conclusions support international and regional policy design within the selected harbours and ports under similar traffic conditions.
ISSN: 1361-9209
DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2019.01.019
Source: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment[ISSN 1361-9209],v. 69, p. 1-12
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