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Title: Assessment of cardiac output with transpulmonary thermodilution during exercise in humans
Authors: Calbet, Jose A. L. 
Boushel, Robert
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: cardiac output
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: 8750-7587
Journal: Journal of Applied Physiology 
Abstract: The accuracy and reproducibility of transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTd) to assess cardiac output (Q˙ ) in exercising men was determined using indocyanine green (ICG) dilution as a reference method. TPTd has been utilized for the assessment of Q˙ and preload indexes of global end-diastolic volume and intrathoracic blood volume, as well as extravascular lung water (EVLW) in resting humans. It remains unknown if this technique is also accurate and reproducible during exercise. Sixteen healthy men underwent catheterization of the right femoral vein (for iced saline injection), an antecubital vein (ICG injection), and femoral artery (thermistor) to determine their Q˙ by TPTd and ICG concentration during incremental one- and two-legged pedaling on a cycle ergometer and combined arm cranking with leg pedaling to exhaustion. There was a close relationship between TPTd-Q˙ and ICG-Q˙ (r 0.95, n 151, standard error of the estimate: 1.452 l/min, P 0.001; mean difference of 0.06 l/min; limits of agreement 2.98 to 2.86 l/min), and TPTd-Q˙ and ICG-Q˙ increased linearly with oxygen uptake with similar intercepts and slopes. Both methods had mean coefficients of variation close to 5% for Q˙ , global end-diastolic volume, and intrathoracic blood volume. The mean coefficient of variation of EVLW, assessed with both indicators (ICG and thermal) was 17% and was sensitive enough to detect a reduction in EVLW of 107 ml when changing from resting supine to upright exercise. In summary, TPTd with bolus injection into the femoral vein is an accurate and reproducible method to assess Q˙ during exercise in humans.
ISSN: 8750-7587
DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00686.2014
Source: Journal Of Applied Physiology[ISSN 8750-7587],v. 118 (1), p. 1-10
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