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Title: Blood temperature and perfusion to exercising and non-exercising human limbs
Authors: González-Alonso, José
Calbet, Jose A. L. 
Boushel, Robert
Helge, Jørn W.
Søndergaard, Hans
Munch-Andersen, Thor
van Hall, Gerrit
Mortensen, Stefan P.
Secher, Niels H.
UNESCO Clasification: 241106 Fisiología del ejercicio
Keywords: Human Skeletal-Muscle
Whole-Body Exercise
Maximal Exercise
Human Forearm
Adenosine-Triphosphate, et al
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: 0958-0670
Journal: Experimental Physiology 
Abstract: New Findings What is the central question of this study?Temperature-sensitive mechanisms are thought to contribute to blood-flow regulation, butthe relationship between exercising and non-exercising limb perfusion and blood temperatureis not established. What is the main finding and its importance?The close coupling among perfusion, blood temperature and aerobic metabolism in exercisingand non-exercising extremities across different exercise modalities and activity levels and thetight association between limb vasodilatation and increases in plasma ATP suggest that bothtemperature- and metabolism-sensitive mechanisms are important for the control of humanlimb perfusion, possibly by activating ATP release from the erythrocytes.Temperature-sensitive mechanisms may contribute to blood-flow regulation, but the influenceof temperature on perfusion to exercising and non-exercising human limbs is not established.Blood temperature (TB),bloodflowandoxygenuptake( ̇VO2)inthelegsandarmsweremeasuredin 16 healthy humans during 90 min of leg and arm exercise and during exhaustive incrementalleg or arm exercise. During prolonged exercise, leg blood flow (LBF) was fourfold higher thanarm blood flow (ABF) in association with higherTBand limb ̇VO2.Leg and arm vascularconductance during exercise compared with rest was related closely toTB(r2=0.91;P<0.05),plasma ATP (r2=0.94;P<0.05) and limb ̇VO2(r2=0.99;P<0.05). During incrementalleg exercise, LBF increased in association with elevations inTBand limb ̇VO2,whereas ABF,armTBand ̇VO2remained largely unchanged. During incremental arm exercise, both ABFand LBF increased in relationship to similar increases in ̇VO2.In 12 trained males, increasesin femoralTBand LBF during incremental leg exercise were mirrored by similar pulmonaryarteryTBand cardiac output dynamics, suggesting that processes in active limbs dominatecentral temperature and perfusion responses. The present data reveal a close coupling amongperfusion,TBand aerobic metabolism in exercising and non-exercising extremities and a tight
ISSN: 0958-0670
DOI: 10.1113/EP085383
Source: Experimental Physiology[ISSN 0958-0670],v. 100 (10), p. 1118-1131
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