|Title:||Analysis of the Spanish national registry for pediatric home enteral nutrition (NEPAD): Implementation rates and observed trends during the past 8 years||Authors:||Pedrón-Giner, C.
Navas-López, V. M.
Martínez-Zazo, A. B.
Moreno-Villares, J. M.
Canals-Badía, M. J.
Balmaseda-Serrano, E. M.
Marugán-Miguelsanz, J. M.
Chicano-Marín, F. J.
|UNESCO Clasification:||32 Ciencias médicas
3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
|Keywords:||Home enteral nutrition
Enteral tube feeding
Enteral registry, et al
|Issue Date:||2013||Journal:||European Journal of Clinical Nutrition||Abstract:||Background/Objectives: The home enteral nutrition (HEN) provides nutritional support to children with chronic diseases who are nutritionally compromised and allows them to be discharged more quickly from hospitals. In 2003, a web-based registry (Nutrición Enteral Pediátrica Ambulatoria y Domiciliaria, Pediatric Ambulatory and Home Enteral Nutrition -NEPAD-) was created with the objective of gathering information about pediatric HEN practices in Spain. AIM: The aim of this study was to report the implementation of the NEPAD (Nutrición Enteral Pediátrica Ambulatoria y Domiciliaria, Pediatric Ambulatory and Home Enteral Nutrition) registry of pediatric HEN in Spain and to analyze data evolution trends from 2003 to 2010. Subjects/Methods: The data from the Spanish NEPAD registry were analyzed according to the following variables: demographic data, diagnosis, indication for HEN, nutritional support regime and administration route. Results: Over the study period, 952 patients (1048 episodes) from 20 Spanish hospitals were included in the NEPAD registry. The most frequent indication for HEN was decreased oral intake (64%), and neurological disease was the most prevalent illness. HEN was delivered via a nasogastric tube in 573 episodes (54.7%), by gastrostomy in 375 episodes (35.8%), oral feeding in 77 episodes (7.3%) and by jejunal access in 23 episodes (2.2%). Significant differences in the mode of administration were observed based on the pathology of the child (χ2, P<0.0001). The cyclic feeding was the most widely used technique for the administration of HEN. Most of the patients used a pump and a polymeric formula. Transition to oral feeding was the primary reason for discontinuation of this type of support. Conclusions: Since the NEPAD registry was established in Spain, the number of documented patients has increased more than 25-fold. Many children with chronic illness benefit from HEN, mainly those suffering from neurological diseases.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/49365||ISSN:||0954-3007||DOI:||10.1038/ejcn.2013.8||Source:||European Journal of Clinical Nutrition[ISSN 0954-3007],v. 67, p. 318-323 (Febrero 2013)|
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