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Title: Regulation by ceramide of epidermal growth factor signal transduction and mitogenesis in cell lines overexpressing the growth factor receptor
Authors: Gallardo, G. 
Tabraue, C. 
Quintana, J 
López-Blanco, F. 
Cabrera, J.
Díaz, R.
Estévez, F. 
Ruiz de Galarreta, C. M.
Fanjul, L. F. 
Santana, P. 
Keywords: Activated Protein-Kinase
Induced Apoptosis
Tyrosine Kinase, et al
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: 0145-5680
Journal: Cellular and Molecular Biology 
Abstract: Ceramide has emerged as a pleiotropic signal mediator of cellular responses including differentiation, proliferation, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In the present study we evaluated the effect of cell permeant ceramide analogues on ligand-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the EGF receptor (EGFR), phospholipase C gamma (PLC gamma) activity and cell proliferation. Treatment with N-acetylsphingosine (C2-cer) and N-hexanoylceramide (C6-cer) prevented EGF-induced tyrosine trans-phosphorylation of the receptor in two different cell lines overexpressing the human EGFR (A431 and EGF-T17 cells). In contrast, treatment of A431 and EGFR-T17 cells with C2-cer or C6-cer did not affect the ligand binding capacity of the receptor, an effect that was however: observed after TPA-induced activation of PKC. In addition EGF-stimulated PLC gamma activity was transiently decreased in A431 cells treated with C6-cer and only a modest, albeit significant reduction on ligand-induced H-3-InsP(3) generation was observed in EGFR-T17 cells pretreated with ceramide. We also examined the effect of C2-cer on serum (A431)- or EGF (EGFR-T17)-induced cell proliferation Treatment of EGFR-T17 cells with C2-cer (0.1-10 muM) did not affect cell viability, but prevented EGF-induced H-3-thymidine incorporation in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast, H-3-thymidine incorporation in serum-stimulated A431 cells decreased only at the higher doses of C2-cer used (1-10 muM), being this effect accompanied by a slight, albeit significant (20-25%), reduction in cell viability.
ISSN: 0145-5680
Source: Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)[ISSN 0145-5680],v. 46, p. 1305-1312
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