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Title: Chemical composition and immune status of dairy goat colostrum fractions during the first 10h after partum
Authors: Moreno-Indias, I.
Sánchez-Macías, D.
Castro, N. 
Morales de la Nuez, A.
Hernández Castellano, Lorenzo Enrique 
Capote, J. 
Argüello, A. 
Keywords: Chitotriosidase Activity
Immunoglobulin G(1)
Passive Transfer
Parameters, et al
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: 0921-4488
Journal: Small Ruminant Research 
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the chemical and immunological quality of goat colostrum following delivery. Twenty dairy goats of the Majorera breed were milked 1 h postpartum and then every hour for 10h after the first milking. Residual colostrum (RC) was also obtained at the time of the first milking after i.v. injection of 21.U. of oxytocin. Colostrum yield, approximate composition, SCC, IgG, IgM, IgA and chitotriosidase activity were measured in milking colostrum (MC), RC, and colostrums in each hour sample. A PROC MIXED procedure was performed and a Tukey's test was done to determine the statistical significance of differences in the composition of the colostrum fractions and the colostrum obtained over time. At the first milking, MC and RC weighed 2506 and 237g, respectively. At 1 h and 10 h after the first milking, the colostrum yield was 174 and 120g, respectively, with a continuous drop in yield over the course of the experiment. A drop in protein production was also seen over time. Colostrum protein percentages were 10.4 and 10.2 in MC and RC. Colostrum protein percentages at 1 and 10 h after first milking were 9.7% and 4.5%, respectively. The percentage of colostrum fat increased 1 h after the first milking and then decreased to 6.1% at 10 h after the first milking. The lactose colostrum percentage displayed an increase during the experimental period. Colostrum SCC was not affected by colostrum fractioning or time, with a range of 4.2-5.8 x 10(6) cells/mL. IgG, IgM, IgA levels and chitotriosidase activity did not present differences between colostrum fractions at the first milking but displayed a drastic drop in subsequent milkings. In sum, the chemical and immunological quality of colostrum dropped quickly after the first milking, and thus goat keepers need only recover the first milked colostrum when they rear goat kids separately from dams. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0921-4488
DOI: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.09.015
Source: Small Ruminant Research[ISSN 0921-4488],v. 103, p. 220-224
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