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Title: Value of β-D-glucan and Candida albicans germ tube antibody for discriminating between Candida colonization and invasive candidiasis in patients with severe abdominal conditions
Authors: León, Cristóbal
Ruiz-Santana, Sergio 
Saavedra, Pedro
Castro, Carmen
Úbeda, Alejandro
Loza, Ana
Martín-Mazuelos, Estrella
Blanco, Armando
Jerez, Vicente
Ballús, Josep
Álvarez-Rocha, Luis
Utande-Vázquez, Aránzazu
Fariñas, Osvaldo
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3201 Ciencias clínicas
Keywords: Intensive-Care-Unit
Critically-Ill Patients
Assay, et al
Issue Date: 2012
Journal: Intensive Care Medicine 
Abstract: To assess the value of (1 -> 3)-beta-d-glucan (BDG), Candida albicans germ tube antibody (CAGTA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) levels for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis (IC) and for differentiating Candida spp. colonization from infection in ICU patients with severe abdominal conditions (SAC).Prospective study of 176 non-neutropenic patients, with SAC at ICU admission, and expected to stay at least 7 days. Surveillance cultures and BDG, CAGTA, CRP, and PCT levels were performed on the third day of ICU stay and twice a week for four consecutive weeks. Patients were grouped into invasive candidiasis (IC), Candida colonization, and neither colonized/nor infected. The classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was used to predict IC in colonized patients. The discriminatory ability of the obtained prediction rule was assessed by the area under the ROC curve (AUC).The probabilities of IC were 59.3 % for the terminal node of BDG greater than 259 pg/mL and 30.8 % for BDG less than 259 pg/mL and CAGTA positivity, whereas there was a 93.9 % probability in predicting the absence of IC for BDG less than 259 pg/mL and negative CAGTA. Using a cutoff of 30 % for IC probability, the prediction rule showed 90.3 % sensitivity, 54.8 % specificity, 42.4 % positive predictive value, and 93.9 % negative predictive value with an AUC of 0.78 (95 % confidence interval 0.76-0.81). Significant differences in CRP (p = 0.411) and PCT (p = 0.179) among the studied groups were not found.BDG with a positive test for CAGTA accurately differentiated Candida colonization from IC in patients with SAC, whereas CRP and PCT did not.
ISSN: 0342-4642
DOI: 10.1007/s00134-012-2616-y
Source: Intensive Care Medicine [ISSN 0342-4642],v. 38, p. 1315-1325
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