|Title:||Peculiar and typical oligodendrocytes are involved in an uneven myelination pattern during the ontogeny of the lizard visual pathway||Authors:||Santos, Elena
Yanes, Carmen M.
Romero-Alemán, Maria Del Mar
Immunohistochemical Localization, et al
|Issue Date:||2006||Publisher:||0022-3034||Journal:||Journal of Neurobiology||Abstract:||We studied the myelination of the visual pathway during the ontogeny of the lizard Gallotia galloti using immunohistochemical methods to stain the myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid protein (PLP/DM20), and electron microscopy. The staining pattern for the PLP/DM20 and MBP overlapped during the lizard ontogeny and was first observed at E39 in cell bodies and fibers located in the temporal optic nerve, optic chiasm, middle optic tract, and in the stratum album centrale of the optic tectum (OT). The expression of these proteins extended to the nerve fiber layer (NFL) of the temporal retina and to the outer strata of the OT at E40. From hatching onwards, the labeling became stronger and extended to the entire visual pathway. Our ultrastructural data in postnatal and adult animals revealed the presence of both myelinated and unmyelinated retinal ganglion cell axons in all visual areas, with a tendency for the larger axons to show the thicker myelin sheaths. Moreover, two kinds of oligodendrocytes were described: peculiar oligodendrocytes displaying loose myelin sheaths were only observed in the NFL, whereas typical medium electron-dense oligodendrocytes displaying compact myelin sheaths were observed in the rest of the visual areas. The weakest expression of the PLP/DM20 in the NFL of the retina appears to be linked to the loose appearance of its myelin sheaths. We conclude that typical and peculiar oligodendrocytes are involved in an uneven myelination process, which follows a temporo-nasal and rostro-caudal gradient in the retina and ON, and a ventro-dorsal gradient in the OT. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/45517||ISSN:||0022-3034||DOI:||10.1002/neu.20256||Source:||Journal of Neurobiology[ISSN 0022-3034],v. 66, p. 1115-1124|
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