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Title: An exploration of anomia as origin of work absence
Authors: Zoghbi Manrique Lara, Pablo 
Sánchez Medina, Agustín Jesús 
UNESCO Clasification: 531104 Organización de recursos humanos
Keywords: Absentismo laboral
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: 1051-9815
Journal: Work 
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Although it also portrays a loss of function in psychology, in this context the term anomia (from the Greek, an-: absence, and -nomos: law) is used to describe a sociological phenomenon that can lead individuals to misbehave due to feelings of valuelessness and cynicism resulting from a lack of integration in social life (Srole, 1956). OBJECTIVE: Previous research has neglected anomia as part of the origin of employee work absence. This study tests the association between anomia and absence - operationalized as propensity to abusive absence due to illness. A large variety of job attitudes grouped in terms of organizational climate are controlled for. METHODS: Data were collected from 84 of the 198 (42.4%) employees of a provincial Spanish Social Security Service. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the associations. RESULTS: With the climate factors controlled for by entering them together with anomia in a SEM model as causes of absence, the results show a significant relationship between anomia and absence. CONCLUSIONS: The findings explain the origin of absence at work and management strategies. The very nature of anomia suggests that strategies can be designed to provide employees with an organizational 'micro-cosmos' that promotes support, predictability, and bonds of trust to create an effective bulwark against absenteeism. © 2015 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1051-9815
DOI: 10.3233/WOR-141950
Source: Work[ISSN 1051-9815],v. 52, p. 71-81
Appears in Collections:Artículos
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