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Title: Comparison between individual and group rearing systems in Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797)
Authors: Estefanell, J.
Roo Filgueira, Francisco Javier 
Fernández Palacios, Hipólito 
Izquierdo López, María Soledad 
Socorro, J.
Guirao, R.
UNESCO Clasification: 251092 Acuicultura marina
Keywords: Octopus vulgaris
Rearing systems
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: 0893-8849
Project: JACUMAR Spanish National Plans for Aquaculture (‘Optimización del engorde de pulpo Octopus vulgaris’, 2007–2009)
Journal: Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 
Abstract: Recently most research on cephalopod culture has focused on the development of new specific enrichments for paralarvae and compound feeds for juveniles and sub‐adults. However, little research has been conducted in order to test new rearing systems, specifically designed to meet the particularities of these species. This experiment was set to compare the biological performance of Octopus vulgaris reared under traditional group conditions in floating cages (5 m3) and individually in net cages (80 L), in two successive ongrowing trials. Octopuses (1565 ± 263 g) were fed a mixed diet containing crab and fish during 60 d. In general, higher mortality was observed in octopus reared under group conditions (28.1–36.7%) rather than individually (0–12.5%), related to breeding behavior and to weight dispersion along both trials. This led to highest biomass increment in octopus reared individually. However, the group rearing system had a positive effect on growth, reflecting in higher biomass increment and food conversion rates until 40–50 d of rearing. Accordingly, in order to maximize profitability of traditional group on growing, periodic grading and selection of males during the reproductive period are recommended. In addition, no difference in proximate composition and fatty acid profile was found in muscle regardless of rearing system.
ISSN: 0893-8849
DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-7345.2011.00540.x
Source: Journal of the World Aquaculture Society [ISSN 0893-8849], v. 43 (1), p. 63-72
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