Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/42810
Title: Causal ordering of basic psychological needs and well-being
Authors: León, Jaime 
Núñez, Juan L. 
UNESCO Clasification: 61 Psicología
Keywords: Self-determination theory
Basic psychological needs
Cross-lagged
Well-being
Self-esteem, et al
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: 0303-8300
Journal: Social Indicators Research 
Abstract: What is the relationship between well-being and satisfaction of basic psychological needs overtime? The basic psychological needs theory is a subtheory of the self-determination theory that elaborates the concept of psychological needs and its relations to psychological health and well-being. The goals of this research was to establish the causal ordering between basic psychological needs and three psychological well-being indicators (subjective well-being, self-esteem and satisfaction with life), in a longitudinal study. We used a cross-lagged two-wave design. A total of 272 university students completed the questionnaire at the beginning and at the end of the semester. Relatedness at time 1 (T₁) had a positive and significant effect on all well-being indicators at time 2 (T₂); competence (T₁) had a positive and significant effect on all indicators except for self-esteem (T₂); finally, autonomy (T₁) did not have a significant effect on any of the well-being indicators (T₂). In conclusion, we confirm the causal ordering of competence and relatedness on well-being, according to the basic psychological needs subtheory. Universities, in general, and teachers, in particular, should promote relations between students and support the need of competence.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/42810
ISSN: 0303-8300
DOI: 10.1007/s11205-012-0143-4
Source: Social Indicators Research[ISSN 0303-8300],v. 114, p. 243-253
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