Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/41529
Title: Fe(II) oxidation kinetics in the North Atlantic along the 59.5° N during 2016
Authors: Santana-González, Carolina 
Santana-Casiano, J. Magdalena 
González-Dávila, Melchor 
Santana Del Pino, Ángelo 
Gladyshev, Sergey
Sokov, Alexey
UNESCO Clasification: 251001 Oceanografía biológica
120903 Análisis de datos
Keywords: Fe(II)
Oxidation
Atlantic subarctic
Issue Date: 2018
Journal: Marine Chemistry 
Abstract: The Fe(II) oxidation rate was studied in different water masses present in the subarctic North Atlantic ocean along the 59.5° N transatlantic section. Temperature, pH, salinity and total organic carbon (TOC) in natural conditions, fixed temperature conditions and both fixed temperature and pH conditions, were considered in order to understand the combined effects of the variables that control the Fe(II) oxidation kinetics in the ocean. The study shows that in natural conditions, temperature was the master variable which controlled 75% of the pseudo-first order kinetics rate (k′). This value rose to 90% when pHF(free scale) and salinity were also considered. At a fixed temperature, 72% of k′ was controlled by pH and at both fixed temperature and pH, salinity controled 62% of the Fe(II) oxidation rate. Sources and characteristics of TOC are important factors influencing the oxidation of Fe(II). The organic matter had both positive and negative effects on Fe(II) oxidation. In surface and coastal waters, TOC accelerated k′, decreasing the Fe(II) half-life time (t1/2). In Subpolar Mode Water, Labrador Sea Water (for the Irminger Basin) and Denmark Straight Overflow Water, TOC slowed down k′, increasing Fe(II) t1/2. This shifting behaviour where TOC affects Fe(II) oxidation depending on its marine or terrestrial origin, depth and remineralization stage proves that TOC cannot be used as a variable in an equation describing k′. The temperature dependence study indicated that the energy requirement for Fe(II) oxidation in surface waters was 32% lower than the required for bottom waters at both pH 7.7 and 8.0. This variability confirmed the importance of the organic matter composition of the selected samples. The Fe(II) oxidation rate constants in the region can be obtained from an empirical equation considering the natural conditions of temperature, pHFand salinity for the area, producing an error of estimation of 0.0072 min−1. This equation should be incorporated in global Fe models.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/41529
ISSN: 0304-4203
DOI: 10.1016/j.marchem.2018.05.002
Source: Marine Chemistry[ISSN 0304-4203],v. 203, p. 64-77
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