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Title: 144/2069. Impact of socioeconomic factors on the Spanish population's perception on body composition: results from the Anibes Study
Authors: Partearroyo, Teresa
Samaniego-Vaesken, Ma de Lourdes
Ruiz, Emma
Aranceta-Bartrina, Javier
Gil, Ángel
González-Gross, Marcela
Ortega, Rosa M.
Majem, Luis Serra 
Varela, Gregoria
UNESCO Clasification: 3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Body Mass Index
Socioeconomic Status
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 
Conference: IUNS 21st International Congress of Nutrition Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 15–20, 2017
Abstract: besity prevalence is well known and many factors can play an important role in its development. The relative contributions of energy intake and expenditure to the obesity epidemic, however, remain poorly defined in Spain. Moreover, few studies in our country undertake the investigation of subject’s perception on their nutritional status and its relation with socioeconomic status in the Spanish population. Objectives: To analyse the relevance of perception, attitudes and socioeconomic status in relation to body composition Methods: A total de 2009 individuals (1,013 men, 996 women), aged 9–75 years from the ANIBES cross-sectional Study using a nationally-representative sample from the Spanish population was studied. The following variables were investigated: age groups, gender, geographical distribution, locality size, unemployment rate, percentage of foreigners, education or economic level, anthropometric factors Anthropometry measurements (weight, height, body mass index, waist circumference, % body fat, % body water), perceived health, quality of life and diet. Results: Body fat percentage (%) decreases with increasing habitat size, population density (χ² =0,042) and socioeconomic status (χ² =0,000). Individuals have a clearer perception of their weight (χ² =0,000) as well as their diet (χ² =0,000) related to body fat composition. A better health status perception is observed in subjects with lower BMI values, while higher BMI subjects declare a higher effort to improve their diets (χ² =0,004). At normal BMI values, better perception of weight and diet (χ² =0,000) and at lower BMIs, subjects declare higher number of hours of sleep (χ² =0,000). Conclusions: Self-reported perception on diet and health status are associated with an adequate body image in the Spanish population. In addition, subjects living in cities with higher population density and having a better socioeconomic status present lower obesity prevalence
ISSN: 0250-6807
Source: Annals Of Nutrition And Metabolism[ISSN 0250-6807],v. 71 sup. 2, p. 796, Abstract 144/2069
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