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Title: Med Diet 4.0: the Mediterranean diet with four sustainable benefits
Authors: Dernini, S.
Berry, E. M.
Serra-Majem, Lluis 
La Vecchia, C.
Capone, R.
Medina, F. X.
Aranceta-Bartrina, Javier
Belahsen, R.
Burlingame, B.
Calabrese, G.
Corella, Dolores
Donini, L. M.
Lairon, D.
Meybeck, A.
Pekcan, A. G.
Piscopo, S.
Yngve, A.
Trichopoulou, A.
Scientific Committee of the International Foundation of Mediterranean Diet
UNESCO Clasification: 3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
Keywords: Mediterranean diet
Sustainable diets
Sustainable food systems
Public health nutrition
Food security and nutrition, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Public Health Nutrition 
Abstract: Objective: To characterize the multiple dimensions and benefits of the Mediterranean diet as a sustainable diet, in order to revitalize this intangible food heritage at the country level; and to develop a multidimensional framework - the Med Diet 4.0 - in which four sustainability benefits of the Mediterranean diet are presented in parallel: major health and nutrition benefits, low environmental impacts and richness in biodiversity, high sociocultural food values, and positive local economic returns. Design: A narrative review was applied at the country level to highlight the multiple sustainable benefits of the Mediterranean diet into a single multidimensional framework: the Med Diet 4.0. Setting/subjects: We included studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals that contained data on the characterization of sustainable diets and of the Mediterranean diet. The methodological framework approach was finalized through a series of meetings, workshops and conferences where the framework was presented, discussed and ultimately refined. Results: The Med Diet 4.0 provides a conceptual multidimensional framework to characterize the Mediterranean diet as a sustainable diet model, by applying principles of sustainability to the Mediterranean diet. Conclusions: By providing a broader understanding of the many sustainable benefits of the Mediterranean diet, the Med Diet 4.0 can contribute to the revitalization of the Mediterranean diet by improving its current perception not only as a healthy diet but also a sustainable lifestyle model, with country-specific and culturally appropriate variations. It also takes into account the identity and diversity of food cultures and systems, expressed within the notion of the Mediterranean diet, across the Mediterranean region and in other parts of the world. Further multidisciplinary studies are needed for the assessment of the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet to include these new dimensions.
ISSN: 1368-9800
DOI: 10.1017/S1368980016003177
Source: Public Health Nutrition [ISSN 1368-9800], v. 20 (7), p. 1322-1330
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