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Title: Determination of fluoroquinolones in fishes using microwave-assisted extraction combined with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection
Authors: Aufartová, J.
Brabcová, I.
Torres-Padron, M. E. 
Solich, P.
Sosa-Ferrera, Z. 
Santana-Rodríguez, José Juan 
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
251092 Acuicultura marina
Keywords: Food analysis
Food composition
Microwave-assisted extraction
Solid-phase extraction, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 
Abstract: A new analytical methodology based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (UHPLC-FD) has been developed for the determination of five fluoroquinolone antibiotics (FQs) used in aquaculture (norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, danofloxacin and sarafloxacin) in fish muscles (e.g. gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata)). The extraction and determination process was carried out by combining microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) along with a clean-up and pre-concentration step with solid phase extraction (SPE) followed by UHPLC-FD detection. The effects of different variables on MAE-SPE were studied and optimized using an experimental design. Validation was made in accordance with Decision 2002/657/EC. CC alpha and CC beta were determined according to the maximum residue limit (MRL). The method detection limit (MDL) of the entire process ranged between 0.1 and 6.0 ng g(-1). The recoveries obtained at two spiked concentrations levels (25 and 250 ng g(-1)) were greater than 90%, and the relative standard deviation was less than 8.7%. The developed methodology was successfully applied for the evaluation of the presence of FQs in fish muscle samples from aquaculture farms bought in various commercial shops in Gran Canaria Island (Spain).
ISSN: 0889-1575
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2016.12.012
Source: Journal Of Food Composition And Analysis [ISSN 0889-1575], v. 56, p. 140-146
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