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Title: Natural copper-binding ligands in the Arctic Ocean. The influence of the Transpolar Drift (GEOTRACES GN04)
Authors: Arnone, Veronica 
Santana Casiano, Juana Magdalena 
González Dávila, Melchor 
Planquette, Hélène
Sarthou, Géraldine
Gerringa, Loes J.A.
González González, Aridane 
UNESCO Clasification: 251002 Oceanografía química
Keywords: Arctic Ocean
Copper-Binding Ligands
Transpolar Drift
Voltammetric Method
Issue Date: 2023
Project: Efecto de la Acidificacion Oceanica, la Temperaturay El Contenido de Materia Organica en la Persistencia de Fe(Ii) en El Oceano Atlantico 
Journal: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Abstract: The Arctic Ocean is a unique biogeochemical environment characterized by low salinity surface waters, extensive sea-ice coverage, high riverine inputs, large shelf extension and the long residence time of deep waters. These characteristics determine the distribution of dissolved bio-essential trace metals, such as copper (Cu), and the dissolved organic-binding ligands capable of complexing it. This work reports the concentrations and conditional stability constants of dissolved Cu-binding ligands (LCu and log KcondCu2+L) measured in samples from the Polarstern (PS94) expedition, as part of the international GEOTRACES program (cruise GN04). Full-depth profile stations from the Barents Sea, Nansen Basin, Amundsen Basin and Makarov Basin were analysed by competitive ligand exchange-adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (CLE-AdCSV). The basins and water masses presented a wide range of LCu concentrations (range: 1.40 – 7.91 nM) and log KcondCu2+L values (range: 13.83 – 16.01). The highest variability of Cu-binding ligand concentrations was observed in surface waters (≤200 m), and mean concentrations increased from the Barents Sea and Nansen Basin (2.15 ± 0.31 nM and 1.93 ± 0.35 nM, respectively) to the Amundsen (3.84 ± 1.69 nM) and Makarov Basins (4.40± 2.03 nM). The influence of the Transpolar Drift (TDP) flow path was observed in the Amundsen and Makarov Basins, especially on Cu-binding ligand concentrations (LCu range: 3.96 – 7.91 nM). In contrast, deep waters (>200 m) showed no significant differences between basins and water masses in terms of LCu concentrations (range: 1.45 – 2.78 nM) and log KcondCu2+L (range: 14.02 – 15.46). The presence of strong Cu-binding ligands (log KcondCu2+L>13) in surface waters stabilises the excess of dissolved copper (dCu) transported in the TPD and favours its export to the Fram Strait and Nordic Seas.
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2023.1306278
Source: Frontiers in Marine Science [ISSN 2296-7745],v. 10, (Enero 2023)
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