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Title: Human biomonitoring of persistent and non-persistent pollutants in a representative sample of the general population from Cape Verde: Results from the PERVEMAC-II study
Authors: Henríquez Hernández, Luis Alberto 
Macías Montes, Ana 
Acosta Dacal, Andrea Carolina 
Rial Berriel, Cristian Javier 
Duarte-Lopes, Edna
Lopes-Ribeiro, Ailton Luis
Alfama, Patricia Miranda
Santos Livramento, Miriam 
Zumbado Peña, Manuel Luis 
Díaz-Díaz, Ricardo
Bernal-Suárez, María del Mar
Serra Majem, Luis 
Pérez Luzardo, Octavio Luis 
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3212 Salud pública
3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
3214 Toxicología
Keywords: Agricultural Practices
Non-Persistent Pollutants
Nutritional Survey
Persistent Organic Pollutants, et al
Issue Date: 2022
Project: Agricultura y salubridad alimentaria en la Macaronesia: Residuos de productos fitosanitarios, micotoxinas y metales pesados en frutas, hortalizas, cereales y vino. Evaluación de la ingesta e impacto en la salud de la población 
Journal: Environmental Pollution 
Abstract: International Public Health authorities recommend biomonitoring studies to assess the exposure to chemicals in the general population. The aim of the present study was to analyze the blood concentrations of a total 360 pollutants, including 230 pesticides in current or recent use, 59 persistent organochlorine pollutants (POPs), 11 anticoagulant rodenticides and 60 pharmaceutical active compounds (PhACs), in a cohort of 403 subjects from Cape Verde. The study was performed in the frame of the Pesticide Residues in Vegetables of the Macaronesia project (PERVEMAC-II). A total of 60 out of 360 toxic compounds (16.7%) were detected, at least, in one participant. The three most frequently detected substances were p,p’-DDE (100%), phenanthrene (94.0%) and hexachlobenzene (35.9%). 2-Phenylphenol and imidacloprid were detected in 29.0 and 14.4% of the population. The three substances with the highest serum concentrations were PhACs: naproxen (249.1 ng/mL), metronidazole (115.6 ng/mL) and acetaminophen (25.2 ng/mL). Median blood concentration of p,p’-DDE, HCB and phenanthrene were 1.87, 0.08 and 0.36 ng/mL. Blood concentrations of POPs were influenced by age, although both gender and body mass index may exert an influence in the presence of these substances. Lifestyle has an effect on the concentration of these substances, especially in terms of dietary habits. Both the frequency of detection and the concentration of the studied substances are similar to those of other biomonitored populations. This is the first biomonitoring study carried out in Cape Verde. Our results may be useful for the implementation of public health measures by the competent authorities.
ISSN: 0269-7491
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119331
Source: Environmental Pollution[ISSN 0269-7491],v. 306: 119331, (Agosto 2022)
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