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Title: Are output disaggregation and energy variables key when measuring container terminal efficiency?
Authors: Spengler, Thomas Alexander 
Tovar De La Fe, Beatriz Erasmi 
Wilmsmeier, Gordon
UNESCO Clasification: 531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis
Dry Container
Energy Consumption
Output Disaggregation
Reefer Container, et al
Issue Date: 2022
Journal: Maritime Policy and Management 
Abstract: This paper addresses the question whether energy consumption variables and the disaggregation of output matter in the context of efficiency analysis of container terminals. While it is obvious that the energy consumption of refrigerated cargo is higher than the energy consumption of non-refrigerated cargo, this work investigates whether those differences show in an overall efficiency analysis of terminals. This would point to a potentially important input for efficiency measures, to be considered in future productivity and efficiency analysis of terminals. Starting with a discussion on theoretical concepts and variable selection for measuring the energy dimension of terminal efficiency, this is the first paper that applies data envelopment analysis (DEA) comparing results with and without energy consumption, as well as differentiating productive outputs (dry and reefer container handling). The results reveal how the output disaggregation leads to substantially different efficiency scores and are a first step to show the relevance of output disaggregation and the inclusion of the energy variables as inputs in container terminal efficiency studies.
ISSN: 0308-8839
DOI: 10.1080/03088839.2022.2047812
Source: Maritime Policy and Management [ISSN 0308-8839], (Enero 2022)
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