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Title: A New Current-Shaping Technique Based on a Feedback Injection Mechanism to Reduce VCO Phase Noise
Authors: Del Pino Suarez, J. 
Khemchandani, Sunil Lalchand 
UNESCO Clasification: 3325 Tecnología de las telecomunicaciones
Keywords: LC-VCO
Phase noise
90 nm, et al
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Sensors (Switzerland) 
Abstract: Inductor-capacitor voltage controlled oscillators (LC-VCOs) are the most common type of oscillator used in sensors systems, such as transceivers for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), VCO-based reading circuits, VCO-based radar sensors, etc. This work presents a technique to reduce the LC-VCOs phase noise using a new current-shaping method based on a feedback injection mechanism with only two additional transistors. This technique consists of keeping the negative resistance seen from LC tank constant throughout the oscillation cycle, achieving a significant phase noise reduction with a very low area increase. To test this method an LC-VCO was designed, fabricated and measured on a wafer using 90 nm CMOS technology with 1.2 V supply voltage. The oscillator outputs were buffered using source followers to provide additional isolation from load variations and to boost the output power. The tank was tuned to 1.8 GHz, comprising two 1.15 nH with 1.5 turns inductors with a quality factor (Q) of 14, a 3.27 pF metal-oxide-metal capacitor, and two varactors. The measured phase noise was −112 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset. Including the pads, the chip area is 750 × 850 µm2 .
ISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s21196583
Source: Sensors (Switzerland) [ISSN 1424-8220], v. 21 (19), 6583, (Octubre 2021)
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