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Title: EIS Characterization of Ti Alloys in Relation to Alloying Additions of Ta
Authors: Socorro Perdomo, Pedro Pablo 
Florido Suárez, Néstor Rubén 
Mirza Rosca, Julia Claudia 
Saceleanu, Mircea Vicentiu
UNESCO Clasification: 330307 Tecnología de la corrosión
331209 Resistencia de materiales
Keywords: Corrosion
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Ti–Ta Alloys
Issue Date: 2022
Journal: 2D Materials 
Abstract: The increased popularity of Ti and its alloys as important biomaterials is driven by their low modulus, greater biocompatibility, and better corrosion resistance in comparison to traditional biomaterials, such as stainless steel and Co–Cr alloys. Ti alloys are successfully used in severe stress situations, such as Ti–6Al–4V, but this alloy is related to long-term health problems and, in response, different Ti alloys composed of non-toxic and non-allergic elements such as Nb, Zr, Mo, and Ta have been developed for biomedical applications. In this context, binary alloys of titanium and tantalum have been developed and are predicted to be potential products for medical purposes. More than this, today, novel biocompatible alloys such as high entropy alloys with Ti and Ta are considered for biomedical applications and therefore it is necessary to clarify the influence of tantalum on the behavior of the alloy. In this study, various Ti–xTa alloys (with x = 5, 15, 25, and 30) were characterized using different techniques. High-resolution maps of the materials’ surfaces were generated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), and atom distribution maps were obtained by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). A thorough output of chemical composition, and hence the crystallographic structure of the alloys, was identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Additionally, the electrochemical behavior of these Ti–Ta alloys was investigated by EIS in simulated body fluid at different potentials. The passive layer resistance increases with the potential due to the formation of the passive layer of TiO2 and Ta2O5 and then decreases due to the dissolution processes through the passive film. Within the Ti–xTa alloys, Ti–25Ta demonstrates excellent passive layer and corrosion resistance properties, so it seems to be a promising product for metallic medical devices.
ISSN: 1996-1944
DOI: 10.3390/ma15020476
Source: Materials[EISSN 1996-1944],v. 15 (2), (Enero 2022)
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