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Title: Adaptive Evacuation Management System Based on Monitoring Techniques
Authors: Suarez Muñoz, José Andrés 
Calero, Vanesa
Marin, Ignacio
Chavez Burbano, Patricia 
Pérez Jiménez, Rafael 
UNESCO Clasification: 33 Ciencias tecnológicas
Keywords: Adaptive signaling and path localization
Internet of things
Reactive evacuation management
Issue Date: 2015
Journal: IEEE Latin America Transactions 
Abstract: In this paper we explore the implementation of a dynamic emergency system. The proposed system uses the already implemented sensors and cameras, supplemented with task oriented sensors, in a Distributed/Wireless Sensor Networks (DSN/WSN) architecture to gain knowledge of the building environment conditions such as fires, gas leaks, corridors usage among others. With the collected information, the system, by using routing algorithms, will generate, dynamically, the best routes to evacuate the premises. The route generation takes into consideration not only the data provided by the sensors but also the nature of the emergency. This approach avoids or minimize potential risk from, for example, stored goods or the, current, status of the emergency exits, maximizing the number of routes so the evacuation of attendees and ingress of emergency personal can be done in the safest and fastest way possible. The system will inform about the egress routes and ingress routes thought the use of dynamic visible signs. In order to clarify and illustrate the proposed solution a case study for a sport stadium is also presented.
ISSN: 1548-0992
DOI: 10.1109/TLA.2015.7387940
Source: IEEE Latin America Transactions [1548-0992], v. 13(11), p. 3621-3626
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