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Title: Review: Endocrine pathways to regulate calcium homeostasis around parturition and the prevention of hypocalcemia in periparturient dairy cows
Authors: Hernández Castellano, Lorenzo Enrique 
Hernandez, L.L.
Bruckmaier, R.M.
UNESCO Clasification: 3104 Producción Animal
Keywords: Transition period
Metabolic diseases
Mammary gland
Mineral balance
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Animal 
Abstract: Calcium homeostasis is crucial for the normal function of the organism. Parathyroid hormone, calcitriol and calcitonin play critical roles in the homeostatic regulation of calcium. Serotonin and prolactin have also been shown to be involved in the regulation of calcium homeostasis. In modern dairy cows, the endocrine pathways controlling calcium homeostasis during non-lactating and non-pregnant physiological states are unable to fully support the increased demand of calcium required for milk synthesis at the onset of lactation. This review describes different endocrine systems associated with the regulation of calcium homeostasis in mammalian species around parturition with special focus on dairy cows. Additionally, classic and novel strategies to reduce the incidence of hypocalcemia in parturient dairy cows are discussed.
ISSN: 1751-7311
DOI: 10.1017/S1751731119001605
Source: Animal [1751-7311], v. 14(2), p. 330-338
Appears in Collections:Artículos
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