Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/77510
Title: Tourism, social representations and empowerment of rural communities at Langue de Barbarie National Park, Senegal
Authors: Sarr, Birame 
Sène Harper, Aby
González Hernández, Matías Manuel 
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Empowerment
Protected Areas
Rural Communities
Senegal
Social Representations, et al
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Journal of Sustainable Tourism 
Abstract: Evidence of tourism as a strategy to empower local communities around national parks remains elusive. Scholars argue that a prerequisite to empowering community members is to decipher their ideas, beliefs and perceptions. Social representations (SR) theory provides a framework to engage in such a task yet very few studies have taken on such analysis. The paper presents a study of the SR across 10 communities surrounding the Langue de Barbarie National Park in Senegal using survey and interview data. Specifically, we examine their representations towards tourism and the park as a basis to better inform their empowerment process. We conducted a cluster analysis, grouping community members responses into polemical, emancipated, and hegemonic representations. Most participants held polemical representations and perceived tourism and the park as a continuity of colonialism. Others with emancipated representations advocated for alternative tourism structures. The hegemonic representations on the other hand assessed tourism based on the direct impact it provides to individual members of their communities. For each cluster, we propose a form of empowerment that is better aligned with their social representations as a catalyst for their capacity to carve a meaningful space in tourism.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/77510
ISSN: 0966-9582
DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1855437
Source: Journal of Sustainable Tourism [ISSN 0966-9582], v. 29(8), p. 1383-1402
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