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Title: Predictive model for amotivation and discipline in physical education students based on teaching–learning styles
Authors: Leyton-Román, Marta
León González-Vélez, Jaime José 
Batista, Marco
Jiménez-Castuera, Ruth
UNESCO Clasification: 58 Pedagogía
61 Psicología
Keywords: Controlling Behaviours
Self-Determination Theory
Issue Date: 2021
Journal: Sustainability (Switzerland) 
Abstract: One of the purposes of teachers is to ensure the motivation of the students in their classes and to maintain disciplined behaviours. However, the teaching styles and methodologies used do not always have a positive effect on student’s motivation and discipline. This study analysed the relationship between student’s perceptions of the controlling behaviours of their physical education teacher, together with amotivation and discipline styles from Self-Determination Theory. The sample comprised 922 students, aged between 14 and 18 years (M = 14.95; SD = 0.98). Students’ perceptions of less controlling discipline styles (control of the use of rewards) negatively predicted the thwarting of autonomy need. Conversely, a more controlling discipline style (judging and devaluing) positively predicted the thwarting of autonomy need, and this, positively predicted amotivation, which negatively predicted disciplinary behaviours and positively predicted undisciplined behaviours. Teachers must avoid using controlling behaviours like judging and devaluing, as this reinforces amotivation towards physical education and undisciplined student behaviours. The importance of designing classes where the student has responsibilities to make decisions and to be part of their own learning is pointed out.
DOI: 10.3390/su13010187
Source: Sustainability (Switzerland) [EISSN 2071-1050],v. 13 (1), p. 1-14, (Enero 2021)
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