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Title: Simple and complex stent strategies for bifurcated coronary arterial stenosis involving the side branch origin
Authors: Pan, Miguel
Suárez de Lezo, José
Medina, Alfonso
Romero Moreno, Miguel Ángel
Hernández, Enrique
Segura, José
Castroviejo, J. R.
Pavlovic, Djordje
Melián, Francisco
Ramírez, Antonio
Castillo, Juan C.
UNESCO Clasification: 320501 Cardiología
Keywords: Angioplasty
Issue Date: 1999
Journal: The American journal of cardiology 
Abstract: Coronary lesions located in major bifurcations constitute a challenge for the use of stents. Although the occlusion of a side branch covered by a stent is infrequent, the maintenance of a patent, stenosis-free bifurcation may result in a complex procedure, Between September 1994 and April 1998, 70 patients were treated by stent implantation for coronary bifurcation stenosis, The side branch always had a diameter >2 mm, The pairs of treated arteries were: left anterior descending (LAD)/diagonal artery in 32 patients, circumflex/obtuse marginal in 26, right coronary/posterior descending artery in 5, and LAD/circumflex in 7, We applied 2 different techniques of stent implantation: (I) deployment of 1 stent in the parent vessel covering the takeoff of the side branch and subsequent angioplasty of the side branch across the metallic structure (group A, n = 47 patients), and (2) implantation of 1 scent at the ostium of the side branch and complete reconstruction of the entire bifurcation with additional implantation of 1 or 2 scents at the parent vessel (group B, n = 23 patients). There were no significant differences between groups at baseline variables. Procedural success was similar in both groups: 42 (89%) in group A versus 21 (91%) in group B. However, major cardiac events at 18 months Follow-up were higher in group B (event-free probability 44% vs 75%, p < 0.05), Selected patients with coronary stenosis at major bifurcations can be treated with an acceptable rate of primary and late success. Complex techniques providing radical stent reconstruction of the bifurcation seems to provide no advantages over the simpler scent jail followed by ostial side branch balloon dilution.
ISSN: 0002-9149
DOI: 10.1016/S0002-9149(99)00093-4
Source: The American journal of cardiology [ISSN 0002-9149], v. 83 (9), p. 1320-1325, (Mayo 1999)
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