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Title: SINERGIA laparoscopic virtual reality simulator: Didactic design and technical development
Authors: Lamata, Pablo
Gómez Aguilera, Enrique J.
Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M.
López, Óscar
Monserrat, Carlos
García-Pérez, Verónica
Alberola, Carlos
Rodríguez Florido, Miguel Ángel 
Ruiz Alzola, Juan Bautista 
Usón, Jesús
UNESCO Clasification: 3314 Tecnología médica
Keywords: Laparoscopy
Surgical Training
Virtual Reality
Simulation Design
Biomechanical Model, et al
Issue Date: 2007
Journal: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 
Abstract: VR laparoscopic simulators have demonstrated its validity in recent studies, and research should be directed towards a high training effectiveness and efficacy. In this direction, an insight into simulators' didactic design and technical development is provided, by describing the methodology followed in the building of the SINERGIA simulator. It departs from a clear analysis of training needs driven by a surgical training curriculum. Existing solutions and validation studies are an important reference for the definition of specifications, which are described with a suitable use of simulation technologies. Five new didactic exercises are proposed to train some of the basic laparoscopic skills. Simulator construction has required existing algorithms and the development of a particle-based biomechanical model, called PARSYS, and a collision handling solution based in a multi-point strategy. The resulting VR laparoscopic simulator includes new exercises and enhanced simulation technologies, and is finding a very good acceptance among surgeons.
ISSN: 0169-2607
DOI: 10.1016/j.cmpb.2006.12.002
Source: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine [ISSN 0169-2607], v. 85 (3), p. 273-283, (Marzo 2007)
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