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Title: Fine-needle percutaneous transhepatic parenchymal portal venography by using carbon dioxide: a pilot study in pigs
Authors: Sun, F
Hernandez, J 
Crisostomo, V
Pineda, LF
Lima, JR
Uson, J
Maynar Moliner, Manuel 
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
320111 Radiología
Keywords: Digital Subtraction Angiography
Wedged Hepatic Venography
Venous System
Liver, et al
Issue Date: 2003
Journal: European Radiology 
Abstract: Our purpose was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of carbon dioxide (CO2) in fine-needle percutaneous transhepatic parenchymal portal venography and its potential clinical applications. Three Belgian landrace pigs received fine-needle percutaneous transhepatic parenchymal portal venography by using CO2 as a contrast agent. Under fluoroscopic and B-mode ultrasonic guidance, right or left lobe of liver was punctured with a 22-G Chiba needle, through which CO2 was injected with a dedicated CO2 injector at injection rate of 20 ml/s for 20 ml, 40 ml/s for 40 ml, 40 ml/s for 60 ml, and 40 ml/s for 80 ml, respectively. The portal venograms were obtained by use of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) system with animal in supine position. In one pig transarterial portal venography was performed, in addition, using iodinated contrast agent. The portal vein was visualized in each run of venography. Optimal images of portal tree structure up to four-order branches were obtained in all those with CO2 injection rate of 40 ml/s, which appeared much better in quality than those obtained by cranial mesenteric arteriography with iodinated contrast agent. No extravasation of CO2, liver laceration, or any other complication occurred during the procedures. The technique we proposed demonstrated optimal portography, which appeared to be safe, minimally invasive, less time-consuming, cost-effective, and easy to perform, with great potential in clinical applications.
ISSN: 0938-7994
DOI: 10.1007/s00330-002-1386-2
Source: European Radiology [ISSN 0938-7994], v. 13 (2), p. 244-250, (Febrero 2003)
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