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Title: Spatial frequency-based angular behavior of a short-range flicker-free MIMO–OCC link
Authors: Teli, Shivani Rajendra
Zvanovec, Stanislav
Perez-Jimenez, Rafael 
Ghassemlooy, Zabih
UNESCO Clasification: 3325 Tecnología de las telecomunicaciones
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Applied Optics 
Abstract: In this paper, we provide a solution based on spatial frequency fsf to study the angular behavior of a flicker-free, short-range indoor multiple–input multiple–output (MIMO) optical camera communications (OCC) link. We focus on the experimental investigation of OCC’s performance for the transmitters (Txs) [i.e., light-emitting diode (LED) based arrays] located at the same and different distances from the receiver (Rx) with the off-axis rotation angle θ. We have used two 8 × 8 distributed LED arrays and a commercial low-cost complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) Raspberry Pi camera with the rolling-shutter capturing mode as the Tx and Rx, respectively. The image and the respective communications link quality metrics are measured in terms of the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and the rate of successfully received bits with respect to fsf for different camera shutter speeds (SS). A CMOS image sensor noise characterization is carried in terms of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and PSNR. The proposed study provides a 100% success rate in data reception at the optimum θ of 50◦ at lower captured values of fsf, which is projected onto the image sensor in the form of pixels. Moreover, the effect of channel saturation over fsf is studied with respect to θ and SS and we show that, for θ exceeding the optimum value along transmission range, the fsf area of the Txs reduces to less than ∼50% of the captured Tx units at θ of 0◦, where no data can be fully recovered.
ISSN: 1559-128X
DOI: 10.1364/AO.404378
Source: Applied Optics[ISSN 1559-128X],v. 59 (33), p. 10357-10368, (Noviembre 2020)
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