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Title: Measuring the impact of infectious diseases on tourists’ willingness to pay to visit island destinations
Authors: Léon, Carmelo J. 
Lam-González, Yen E 
García, Carmen 
González Hernández, Matías 
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Tourism
Climate Change
Infectious diseases
Adaptation, et al
Issue Date: 2020
Project: DownScaling CLImate imPACTs and decarbonisation pathways in EU islands, and enhancing socioeconomic and non-market evaluation of Climate Change for Europe, for 2050 and beyond 
Journal: Atmosphere 
Abstract: The occurrence of infectious diseases may change tourists’ perceptions of a destination’s image and value. This article proposes and empirically tests a choice model to measure the effect of the risk of infectious disease outbreaks caused by climate change on tourists’ willingness to pay for holidays to island destinations. With this aim, an online survey was administrated to 2538 European frequent travellers at their country of residence. Tourists were presented with a hypothetical situation whereby they had to choose among eleven well-known European island destinations for their next holiday. The choice cards included the probability of the occurrence of infectious disease events in the context of other potential risks caused by climate change (i.e., forest fires, floods, heat waves, etc.). The results show infectious disease is the risk that more negatively affects tourists’ willingness to pay to visit islands, followed by forest fires. The results have implications for tourism policy, highlighting the importance of prevention and response strategies, and the design of climate-oriented services, which may raise opportunities to work towards the enhancement of those health and environmental conditions of tourist destinations that ensure their sustainability in the longer term.
ISSN: 2073-4433
DOI: 10.3390/atmos11101117
Source: Atmosphere [2073-4433], v. 11(10), 1117
Appears in Collections:Artículos
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