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Title: Relationship between olive oil consumption and ankle-brachial pressure index in a population at high cardiovascular risk
Authors: Sánchez-Quesada, Cristina
Toledo, Estefanía
González-Mata, Guadalupe
Ramos-Ballesta, Maria Isabel
Peis, José Ignacio
Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel
Salas-Salvadó, Jordi
Corella, Dolores
Fitó, Montserrat
Romaguera, Dora
Vioque, Jesús
Alonso-Gómez, Ángel M.
Wärnberg, Julia
Martínez, J. Alfredo
Serra-Majem, Luís 
Estruch, Ramon
Tinahones, Francisco J.
Lapetra, José
Pintó, Xavier
Tur, Josep A.
Garcia-Rios, Antonio
Cano-Ibáñez, Naomi
Matía-Martín, Pilar
Daimiel, Lidia
Sánchez-Rodríguez, Rubén
Vidal, Josep
Vázquez, Clotilde
Ros, Emilio
Hernández-Alonso, Pablo
Barragan, Rocío
Muñoz-Martínez, Julia
López, Meritxell
González-Palacios, Sandra
Vaquero-Luna, Jessica
Crespo-Oliva, Edelys
Zulet, M. Angeles
Díaz González, Beatriz Vanessa 
Casas, Rosa
Fernandez-Garcia, José Carlos
Santos-Lozano, José Manuel
Galera, Ana
Ripoll-Vera, Tomás
Buil-Cosiales, Pilar
Canudas, Silvia
Martinez-Lacruz, Raul
Pérez-Vega, Karla Alejandra
Rios, Ángel
Lloret-Macián, Rosario
Moreno-Rodriguez, Anai
Ruiz-Canela, Miguel
Babio, Nancy
Zomeño Fajardo, Maria Dolores
Gaforio, José J.
UNESCO Clasification: 320610 Enfermedades de la nutrición
320702 Artereoesclerosis
320501 Cardiología
Keywords: Ankle-Brachial Pressure Index
Olive Oil
Olive Pomace Oil
Peripheral Artery Disease
PREDIMED-Plus Trial, et al
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Atherosclerosis 
Abstract: Background and aims: The aim of this study was to ascertain the association between the consumption of different categories of edible olive oils (virgin olive oils and olive oil) and olive pomace oil and ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) in participants in the PREDIMED-Plus study, a trial of lifestyle modification for weight and cardiovascular event reduction in individuals with overweight/obesity harboring the metabolic syndrome. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the PREDIMED-Plus trial. Consumption of any category of olive oil and olive pomace oil was assessed through a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Multivariable linear regression models were fitted to assess associations between olive oil consumption and ABI. Additionally, ABI ≤1 was considered as the outcome in logistic models with different categories of olive oil and olive pomace oil as exposure. Results: Among 4330 participants, the highest quintile of total olive oil consumption (sum of all categories of olive oil and olive pomace oil) was associated with higher mean values of ABI (beta coefficient: 0.014, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.002, 0.027) (p for trend = 0.010). Logistic models comparing the consumption of different categories of olive oils, olive pomace oil and ABI ≤1 values revealed an inverse association between virgin olive oils consumption and the likelihood of a low ABI (odds ratio [OR] 0.73, 95% CI [0.56, 0.97]), while consumption of olive pomace oil was positively associated with a low ABI (OR 1.22 95% CI [1.00, 1.48]). Conclusions: In a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk, total olive oil consumption was associated with a higher mean ABI. These results suggest that olive oil consumption may be beneficial for peripheral artery disease prevention, but longitudinal studies are needed.
ISSN: 0021-9150
DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2020.10.008
Source: Atherosclerosis [ISSN 0021-9150], v. 314, p. 48-57, (Diciembre 2020)
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