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Title: A novel humidification technique used in water desalination systems based on the humidification-dehumidification process: Experimentally and theoretically
Authors: Tourab, Ahmed E.
Blanco-Marigorta, Ana María 
Elharidi, Aly M.
Suárez-López, María José
UNESCO Clasification: 331005 Ingeniería de procesos
Keywords: Desalination
Hybrid System
Ultrasonic Atomization
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Water (Switzerland) 
Abstract: In this paper, an experimental and theoretical investigation is performed on a novel water desalination system based on a humidification-dehumidification technique using a heat pump. An ultrasonic water atomizer is used in the humidification process in order to improve the humidification system. In addition to that, a new configuration is employed in the humidification process (hybrid atomization system), which combines the traditional spraying atomization system and the ultrasonic water atomizer. The new humidification system performance is investigated and compared with the spraying water atomizer system in terms of humidification effectiveness and freshwater productivity. The results show that the ultrasonic water atomizer has enhanced and improved humidification effectiveness, and consequently, the productivity of freshwater. The maximum humidification effectiveness and productivity achieved by the ultrasonic water atomizer are 94.9% and 4.9 kg/h, respectively, meaning an increase of 25.2% and 18.8%, compared to the traditional spraying atomization system. The hybrid system increases humidification effectiveness and productivity by 3.8% and 8.2%, respectively, in comparison with the stand-alone ultrasonic water atomizer. A cost analysis was also carried out in this paper in order to perform an economic comparison of different humidification processes (spraying, ultrasonic; and hybrid atomization systems). The minimum production cost of one liter of freshwater amounts to $0.0311 with the spraying system, $0.0251 with the ultrasonic system, and $0.0250 with the hybrid atomization system. These results reveal the profitability of the new configuration.
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w12082264
Source: Water (Switzerland) [EISSN 2073-4441], v. 12 (8), 2264, (Agosto 2020)
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