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Title: Systemic Effects Induced by Hyperoxia in a Preclinical Model of Intra-abdominal Sepsis
Authors: García-Laorden, M. Isabel
Rodríguez-González, Raquel
Martín-Barrasa, José L. 
García-Hernández, Sonia
Ramos-Nuez, Ángela
González-García, H. Celeste
González-Martín, Jesús M.
Kacmarek, Robert M.
Villar, Jesús
UNESCO Clasification: 3207 Patología
Issue Date: 2020
Project: CB06/06/1088
Journal: Mediators of Inflammation 
Abstract: Supplemental oxygen is a supportive treatment in patients with sepsis to balance tissue oxygen delivery and demand in the tissues. However, hyperoxia may induce some pathological effects. We sought to assess organ damage associated with hyperoxia and its correlation with the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a preclinical model of intra-abdominal sepsis. For this purpose, sepsis was induced in male, Sprague-Dawley rats by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). We randomly assigned experimental animals to three groups: control (healthy animals), septic (CLP), and sham-septic (surgical intervention without CLP). At 18 h after CLP, septic (n=39), sham-septic (n=16), and healthy (n=24) animals were placed within a sealed Plexiglas cage and randomly distributed into four groups for continuous treatment with 21%, 40%, 60%, or 100% oxygen for 24 h. At the end of the experimental period, we evaluated serum levels of cytokines, organ damage biomarkers, histological examination of brain and lung tissue, and ROS production in each surviving animal. We found that high oxygen concentrations increased IL-6 and biomarkers of organ damage levels in septic animals, although no relevant histopathological lung or brain damage was observed. Healthy rats had an increase in IL-6 and aspartate aminotransferase at high oxygen concentration. IL-6 levels, but not ROS levels, are correlated with markers of organ damage. In our study, the use of high oxygen concentrations in a clinically relevant model of intra-abdominal sepsis was associated with enhanced inflammation and organ damage. These findings were unrelated to ROS release into circulation. Hyperoxia could exacerbate sepsis-induced inflammation, and it could be by itself detrimental. Our study highlights the need of developing safer thresholds for oxygen therapy.
ISSN: 0962-9351
DOI: 10.1155/2020/5101834
Source: Mediators of Inflammation [ISSN 0962-9351], v. 2020, 5101834, (Enero 2020)
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