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Title: Untreated sewage outfalls do not promote Trichodesmium blooms in the coasts of the Canary Islands
Authors: Benavides Gorostegui,Mar 
Arístegui Ruiz, Javier 
UNESCO Clasification: 251001 Oceanografía biológica
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: During the summer of 2017, recurrent extensive blooms of the diazotrophic cyanobacterium Trichodesmium invaded the beaches and coastal waters of the Canary Islands, causing great social alarm. Some local media and public sectors ascribed, without any strong scientifc evidence, the origin and reactivation of these blooms to untreated sewage outfalls distributed along the coasts. In order to test whether sewage outfalls could have any infuence on the metabolic activity of Trichodesmium, we performed 13C and 15N2 uptake experiments with colonies experiencing three diferent bloom development stages, incubated both with clear seawater and sewage water from an outfall south of Gran Canaria island. Our results showed that sewage outfalls did not promote any increase in dinitrogen (N2) fxation in Trichodesmium, supporting the hypothesis that decaying blooms were generated ofshore and transported shoreward by local currents and winds, accumulating mostly leeward of the islands. The combination of unusually warm seawater temperatures, enhanced and sustained stratifcation of the upper water column and recurrent dust deposition events would have favored the development of the Trichodesmium blooms, which lasted for at least four months.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-75447-1
Source: Scientific Reports [EISSN 2045-2322], v. 10(1), 18386 (Diciembre 2020)
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