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Title: Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling-1 Peptidomimetic Limits Progression of Diabetic Nephropathy
Authors: Recio Cruz, Carlota Pilar 
Lazaro, Iolanda
Oguiza, Ainhoa
López-Sanz, Laura
Bernal, Susana
Blanco, Julia
Egido, Jesus
Gómez-Guerrero, Carmen
UNESCO Clasification: 320502 Endocrinología
Keywords: Chronic inflammation
Diabetic nephropathy
Transcription factors, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 
Abstract: Diabetes is the main cause of CKD and ESRD worldwide. Chronic activation of Janus kinase and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling contributes to diabetic nephropathy by inducing genes involved in leukocyte infiltration, cell proliferation, and extracellular matrix accumulation. This study examined whether a cell-permeable peptide mimicking the kinase-inhibitory region of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) regulatory protein protects against nephropathy by suppressing STAT-mediated cell responses to diabetic conditions. In a mouse model combining hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia (streptozotocin diabetic, apoE-deficient mice), renal STAT activation status correlated with the severity of nephropathy. Notably, compared with administration of vehicle or mutant inactive peptide, administration of the SOCS1 peptidomimetic at either early or advanced stages of diabetes ameliorated STAT activity and resulted in reduced serum creatinine level, albuminuria, and renal histologic changes (mesangial expansion, tubular injury, and fibrosis) over time. Mice treated with the SOCS1 peptidomimetic also exhibited reduced kidney leukocyte recruitment (T lymphocytes and classic M1 proinflammatory macrophages) and decreased expression levels of proinflammatory and profibrotic markers that were independent of glycemic and lipid changes. In vitro, internalized peptide suppressed STAT activation and target gene expression induced by inflammatory and hyperglycemic conditions, reduced migration and proliferation in mesangial and tubuloepithelial cells, and altered the expression of cytokine-induced macrophage polarization markers. In conclusion, our study identifies SOCS1 mimicking as a feasible therapeutic strategy to halt the onset and progression of renal inflammation and fibrosis in diabetic kidney disease.
ISSN: 1046-6673
DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2016020237
Source: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN [ISSN 1046-6673], v. 28 (2), p. 575-585
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