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Title: Spain
Authors: Ponce Marrero, Francisco Javier 
UNESCO Clasification: 55 Historia
550625 Historia de la guerra
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Freie Universität Berlin
Abstract: This article examines Spain’s neutrality during the Great War, highlighting factors such as the lack of military resources; the division of public opinion and internal conflicts; and actors such as King Alfonso XIII (whose mediating role helped to determine Spain’s neutral position). It also analyses the impact of the war in Spain until the immediate post-war period – unequal economic growth, social mobilisation, and political crisis. Primary and secondary sources lead us to conclude that Spain had to maintain neutrality: the matter was simply non-negotiable. However, the final crisis of Spain’s political system was the result of the previously unseen social and ideological mobilisation.
DOI: 10.15463/ie1418.10584
Source: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War / ed. by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universität Berlin 2015-03-20
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