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Title: Stock and recruitment in Baltic cod Gadus morhua : a new, non-linear approach
Authors: Martín-González, J.M. 
Solari, Aldo Pier 
Bas Peired,Carlos 
UNESCO Clasification: 240210 Biología de poblaciones
510208 Pesca
Keywords: Peces
Modelos matemáticos
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: 1054-3139
Journal: ICES Journal of Marine Science 
Conference: Mini-Symposium on Arctic Oceanographic Processes - 1995, at the 1995 ICES Annual Science Conference
Abstract: The stock and recruitment (SR) relationship in Baltic cod is studied. In light of the field data, the authors suggest that the SR relationship oscillates at two levels of stability (cycles) due to the interaction between density-dependent compensation and depensation. Furthermore, density-independent transitions between equilibrium states are assumed due to fishing mortality and medium and long-term periodicities in the abiotic environment which may induce compensatory and depensatory effects upon stock and recruitment. These mechanics are related to concepts such as variable carrying capacity, multiple equilibria, minimum viable population and inverse density dependence. Carrying capacity is regarded as a critical threshold between different equilibrium states and the minimum viable population as an unstable equilibrium below which the SR relationship may not rehabilitate. A modelling approach is put forward where the SR-relationship is regarded as a system or summation of non-linear functions with dynamic features ranging from chaos (the ceiling, when external conditions are extremely benign), going through a range of relatively stable, converging cycles (as external stress increases), to a quasi-standstill state with no clear oscillations (when the minimum viable population is being approached) which may lead to inverse density-dependence (depensatory dynamics). This SR-system is considered as highly flexible as it has the capacity to, persistently, evolve and return within a range of equilibrium states. Also, it is proposed that the SR relationship is, al the present time, nearby the minimum Viable population due to the combined effects from high fishing mortality and negative effects from external perturbations. However, a SR rehabilitation towards a low equilibrium state is expected, during the coming years likely due to positive trends in external perturbations. A simple numerical simulation is put forward where the SR system is perturbed by a sinusoidal external variable at three constant levels of mortality. (C) 1997 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
ISSN: 1054-3139
DOI: 10.1006/jmsc.1996.0193
Source: ICES Journal of Marine Science [ISSN 1054-3139], v. 54, p. 427-443
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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