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Title: Sustainability, insularity, pareto and the paradox of Schrödinger
Authors: Pescador, V. S.
UNESCO Clasification: 531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
Keywords: Air Transport System
Energy Cost
Islands Transport
Load Capacity
Mass Tourism
Tourist Industry
Issue Date: 2013
Journal: WIT Transactions on the Built Environment 
Conference: 19th International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment, UT 2013 
Abstract: The evolution of transport systems in recent decades arising from fast and cheap access to the fossil energy has resulted in the expansion of public mass transport and therefore the colonization of territories that otherwise would be unthinkable. The phenomenon of tourism developed in Northern France and Southern England by Thomas Cook in the second half of the 20th century joined with the new means of transport, provided the possibility to move enormous amounts of people from one territory to another, colonizing it and extending its capacities. If we put together this with the expansion of sun and beach tourism in island territories around the 60s we can have an explosive combination. Most of the islands with large rates of tourism, as is the case with the Canary Islands, have been developed under the umbrella of a high floating tourist population that is able to support, through the development of the tourist industry, a huge, disproportionate and growing local population. This economic system has its basis in the maintenance of the current conditions of air transport prices, responsible for the tourism industry. In the current world energy crisis concert in which we operate with a continuous increase in fuel prices, and being that air transport is the most fossil dependent system by consumption and distance, the future of these destinations becomes uncertain, and local populations in the majority of cases has spent by far the load capacity of the territory and therefore could be pushed to a process of emigration. Thus, a study of the current situation of islands transport, its foreseeable evolution and possible competitors is essential, in order to develop a sustainable tourism model and thus calibrate future capabilities of the sector and an absolutely dependent economy of it. It is in my opinion the paradigm of a transport system in which society, economy, and territory depends on the confluence of all three, not only represents the basis of the sustainability, but in this case ends up with an imperative need for subsistence.
ISBN: 9781845647162
ISSN: 1743-3509
DOI: 10.2495/UT130031
Source: WIT Transactions on the Built Environment [ISSN 1743-3509], v. 130, p. 27-37, (Mayo 2013)
Appears in Collections:Actas de congresos
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