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Title: Dietary manganese levels for gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) fingerlings fed diets high in plant ingredients
Authors: Dominguez, David 
Sehnine, Z.
Castro Alonso, Pedro Luis 
Zamorano Serrano, María Jesús 
Robaina Robaina, Lidia Esther 
Fontanillas, R.
Antony Jesu Prabhu, P.
Izquierdo López, María Soledad 
UNESCO Clasification: 251092 Acuicultura marina
Keywords: Fish Mineral Nutrition
Gilthead Sea Bream
Plant Ingredients
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Aquaculture 
Abstract: Manganese (Mn) is an essential metal for fish and requirements have been established for several finfish but not for gilthead sea bream. Thus, the present study aims to establish the optimal dietary supplementation level of Mn in gilthead sea bream fingerlings fed vegetable based diets. Gilthead sea bream fingerlings (weight 12.6 ± 1.5 g, mean ± S.D.) were fed five practical diets high in vegetable ingredients (fish meal: 10%, fish oil: 6%). The diets were supplemented to contain 19, 27, 30, 41 and 66 mg Mn kg−1 as MnSO4. Four hundred and fifty sea bream fingerlings were randomly distributed in 15 tanks and fed one of the five diets until apparent satiation three times per day for 42 days. Growth parameters including feed intake, thermal growth coefficient and feed conversion ratio were calculated. At the end of the trial, samples were taken for biochemical, mineral, histological and gene expression analyses. After the feeding trial, fish almost tripled their weight, but dietary Mn levels did not affect growth parameters or survival. The high fish meal substitution levels led to high Mn contents in the basal diet (19 mg Mn kg−1 diet), that seemed to be sufficient to promote sea bream growth. Body lipid composition, protein and ash were not affected by the dietary Mn. Similarly, whole body, liver and vertebrae mineral contents were not affected by Mn supplementation. Morphological characteristics of liver had no significant differences among dietary Mn levels. However, increase of Mn contents beyond 30 mg Mn kg−1 down-regulated mnsod expression. Expression of cat gene was not affected. Overall, results suggest that the Mn content present in the basal diet (19 mg Mn kg−1) was sufficient to cover the requirements in juvenile gilthead sea bream fed practical plant-based diets, although results from oxidative status markers might point out the need to increase supplementation levels beyond this point when fish are under conditions that may affect their oxidative status.
ISSN: 0044-8486
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735614
Source: Aquaculture [ISSN 0044-8486], v. 529, 735614, (Diciembre 2020)
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