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Title: Do specialisation and port size affect port efficiency?: evidence from cargo handling service in Spanish ports
Authors: Pérez Pérez, Ivone 
González Serrano, María Manuela 
Trujillo Castellano, Lourdes 
UNESCO Clasification: 531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
Keywords: Contenedores
Transportes frigoríficos
Transportes marítimos
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 
Abstract: Specialisation is a common strategy followed by ports to face the challenges of globalisation, changes in the naval industry and maritime operations. The main objective of this research is to determine if specialisation and size of ports have an impact on port efficiency. We estimate the efficiency of 27 Spanish ports during the 2001–2011 period using a parametric distance function approach. Our results show that larger and more specialised ports are more highly efficient. From an economics policy perspective, the recommendation would be to encourage the specialisation of ports where possible, and collaboration between ports with different specialisations, as well as those of smaller sizes. This would allow the development of strategic planning that favours coordination between ports, the joint development of infrastructure, and the avoidance of service duplication. This study is a pioneer in estimating the efficiency of the cargo handling service of the Spanish port system including port dockers to measure the labour input, as well as specialisation and size indicators to assess their relevance as drivers of port efficiency.
ISSN: 0965-8564
DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2020.05.022
Source: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice[ISSN 0965-8564],v. 138, p. 234-249, (Agosto 2020)
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