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Title: The induction of the CO2 concentrating mechanism in a starch-less mutant of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Authors: Villarejo, Arsenic
Martínez, Flor
Plumed, María del Pino
Ramazanov, Ziyadin
UNESCO Clasification: 251092 Acuicultura marina
Keywords: Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii
Pyrenoid, et al
Issue Date: 1996
Journal: Physiologia Plantarum 
Abstract: In Chlamydomonas reinhardtii the formation of a starch sheath surrounding the pyrenoid is observed when cells grown under high CO2 (5% CO2 in air) am transferred to low CO2 (0.03%) conditions. Formation of the starch sheath occurs coincidentally with induction of the CO2 concentrating mechanism and with de novo synthesis of 5 polypeptides with molecular masses of 21, 36, 37, 42-44 kDa. We studied the effect of CO2 concentrations on photosynthesis, ultrastructure and protein synthesis in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cw-15 (wild phenotype for photosynthesis) and in the starch-less mutant BAFJ-6, with the aim to clarify the rob of the pyrenoid starch sheath in the operation of the CO2 concentrating mechanism and whether these low CO2-inducible polypeptides are involved in the formation of starch sheath. When wild type and starch-less mutant cells were transferred from high to low CO2, the CO2 requirement for half-maximal rates of photosynthesis decreased from 40 mu M to 2 mu M CO2. (SO42-)-S-35 labeling analyses showed that the starch-less mutant induced the 5 low CO2-inducible polypeptides. These observations suggest that the starch-less mutant was able to induce a fully active CO2 concentrating mechanism. Since the starch-less mutant did not form a pyrenoid starch sheath, we suggest that the starch sheath is not involved in the operation of the CO2 concentrating mechanism and that none of these 5 low CO2-inducible proteins is involved in the formation of the starch sheath in Chlamydomonas.
ISSN: 0031-9317
DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb06687.x
Source: Physiologia Plantarum [ISSN 0031-9317], v. 98 (4), p. 798-802, (Enero 1996)
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