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Title: Electrodialysis desalination designed for off-grid wind energy
Authors: Veza, José Miguel
Peñate Suárez, Baltazar 
Castellano, F
UNESCO Clasification: 3303 ingeniería y tecnología químicas
3322 Tecnología energética
330806 Regeneración del agua
Keywords: Seawater Desalination
Brackish Water
Wind Energy, et al
Issue Date: 2004
Journal: Desalination (Amsterdam) 
Abstract: An electrodialysis desalination plant has been set up and tested to treat brackish water while driven from an off-grid wind energy system. The tests were carried out in the framework of a wider scope project, located on Gran Canaria Island (Spain). The main goal of this project was to test and identify the most suitable desalination systems for connection to the above-mentioned medium-scale off-grid wind farm. After having previously analysed the behaviour of the system on-grid, the following stage was to develop an operational envelope for the electrodialysis reversal (EDR) unit while operating off-grid, i.e., only coupled to the wind farm. The unit included power converters for the membrane stacks (DC-drivers) and variable frequency drivers (VFD) for the feed pumps. The tests were carried out to establish the power intervals for the EDR unit depending on the product flow rate specified as well as water quality. Product flow rate between 3 and 8.5 m(3)/h, power requirements between 4 and 19 kW, while product water conductivity ranged between 200 and 500 muS/cm were recorded. The desalination unit showed good flexibility, adapting smoothly to variations in wind power, even when sudden drops or rises occurred. The control system, slightly modified from a standard design, can cope with such sudden variations. Good agreement between performance predicted with software and the actual operating performance was observed. The presence of harmonics in the electric system due to DC drivers and VFD became harmful for the control and electric system, and care must be taken through appropriate mitigating measures.
ISSN: 0011-9164
DOI: 10.1016/S0011-9164(04)90024-0
Source: Desalination [ISSN 0011-9164], v. 160 (3), p. 211-221
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