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Title: Effect of rearing system on the straight and branched fatty acids of goat milk and meat of suckling kids
Authors: Ripoll, Guillermo
Alcalde, María Jesús
Argüello Henríquez, Anastasio 
Córdoba, María De Guía
Panea, Begoña
UNESCO Clasification: 310101 Productos lácteos
Keywords: Bcfa
Milk, et al
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Foods 
Abstract: Goat meat is considered healthy because it has fewer calories and fat than meat from other traditional meat species. It is also rich in branched chain fatty acids that have health advantages when consumed. We studied the effects of maternal milk and milk replacers fed to suckling kids of four breeds on the straight and branched fatty acid compositions of their muscle. In addition, the proximal and fatty acid compositions of colostrum and milk were studied. Goat colostrum had more protein and fat and less lactose than milk. Goat milk is an important source of healthy fatty acids such as C18:1 c9 and C18:2 n-6. Suckling kid meat was also an important source of C18:1c9. Dairy goat breeds had higher percentages of trans monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) and most of the C18:1 isomers but lower amounts of total MUFAs than meat breeds. However, these dairy kids had meat with a lower percentage of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) than meat kids. The meat of kids fed natural milk had higher amounts of CLA and branched chain fatty acids (BCFAs) and lower amounts of n-6 fatty acids than kids fed milk replacers. Both milk and meat are a source of linoleic, á-linolenic, docosahexaenoic, eicosapentaenoic and arachidonic fatty acids, which are essential fatty acids and healthy long-chain fatty acids.
ISSN: 23048158
DOI: 10.3390/foods9040471
Source: Foods [ISSN 2304-8158], v. 9 (4), (Abril 2020)
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